The Comprehensive Guide to Jute Fabric (burlap): From Production to Uses

The Comprehensive Guide to Jute Fabric (burlap): From Production to Uses

Jute fabric, also known as burlap or hessian cloth, is a type of fabric made from fibers obtained from the jute plant. It is composed of cellulose and lignin and is known for its durability, strength, and sustainability.

burlap fabric has several notable properties. It is highly breathable and has excellent moisture-wicking abilities, which makes it suitable for various applications.

It has medium heat retention and low stretchability and pilling. These characteristics make jute fabric desirable for products like bags, ropes, erosion-prevention materials, upholstery, carpets, curtains, and more.

Jute fabric has a long history, with its production dating back to the Indus Valley civilization. Today, India is the largest producer and exporter of jute fabric. Other significant jute-producing countries include Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, and Thailand.

Jute cultivation thrives in warm areas with annual monsoon seasons, requiring an ambient humidity level of around 80%.

what is jute fabric

jute cloth material is a type of textile produced from the fibers of the jute plant, also known as Corchorus. It is a long, soft, and shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.

Jute is one of the most affordable and eco-friendly natural fibers and is second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses.

The fabric itself, often referred to as burlap or hessian in certain parts of the world, is rustic in appearance, durable, and biodegradable.

It’s commonly used for making sacks, bags, rugs, and curtains, and has applications in crafts, home decor, and even fashion.

The fabric’s breathable nature makes it suitable for storage of agricultural commodities and its rough texture provides a natural aesthetic appeal in various home and fashion products.

Jute Fabric

How is Jute Fabric Made?

The manufacturing process of jute material involves several stages from the cultivation of jute plants to the production of the final fabric. Here is a comprehensive overview of how jute fabric is made:

1. Cultivation: Jute plants are grown in warm and humid climates with monsoon seasons. The plants require plain alluvial soil, standing water, and adequate rainfall. The cultivation process includes preparing the soil, planting the jute seeds, and providing the necessary conditions for growth.

2. Harvesting: Jute plants are harvested after the appearance of flowers but before the fruits mature. The stalks of mature jute plants are manually pulled up from the ground along with the roots. The roots are then chopped off, and the stems are bundled and defoliated to remove the leaves.

3. Fiber Extraction: The jute stems are subjected to a process called retting, where they are soaked in water to facilitate the separation of fibers from the woody core. After retting, the jute fibers are extracted by hand or by using mechanical methods like ribbon retting or steam retting. The fibers are then washed, dried, and sorted based on quality and length.

4. Carding: The jute fibers go through the carding process, which involves aligning and straightening the fibers to form a continuous web. This helps in removing impurities and creating a uniform fiber arrangement.

Jute Fabric

5. Drawing and Spinning: The carded jute fibers are then drawn and spun to transform them into jute yarns. This process includes drawing the fibers to reduce their thickness and increase their length and then spinning them into yarns using spinning machines.

6. Weaving: The jute yarns are used for weaving jute material on conventional or shuttleless looms. The weaving process involves interlacing the yarns together to create the desired fabric structure.

7. Finishing: After weaving, the jute fabric may undergo various finishing processes depending on the desired characteristics and applications. These processes can include de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, printing, and finishing treatments to enhance the fabric’s appearance, texture, and performance.

Characteristics of Jute Fabric

Jute fabric possesses several characteristic properties that make it a unique and versatile material.

Breathability: Jute fabric has high breathability, allowing air to pass through it easily. This property makes it comfortable to wear and suitable for applications where ventilation is important.

Moisture-Wicking Abilities: Jute fabric is known for its moisture-wicking properties. It can absorb moisture from the skin and release it into the air, keeping the wearer dry and comfortable.

Heat Retention: Jute fabric has medium heat retention capabilities. It can provide insulation and retain warmth, making it suitable for applications where thermal comfort is desired.

Jute Fabric

Low Stretchability: Jute fabric exhibits low stretchability, which means it maintains its shape and structure well. This property contributes to its durability and makes it suitable for products that require stability and resistance to deformation.

Resistance to Pilling: Jute fabric is resistant to pilling, which refers to forming small balls of fibers on the fabric’s surface. This property ensures the fabric retains its smooth appearance and remains visually appealing even with prolonged use.

Strength and Durability: Jute fabric is known for its strength and durability. It can withstand wear and tear, making it suitable for applications that require robust and long-lasting materials.

Environmental Friendliness: Jute fabric is an environmentally friendly material. It is biodegradable, renewable, and has a low carbon footprint, making it a sustainable choice for various applications.

Coarse Texture: Jute fabric has a coarse texture that gives it a unique and distinctive appearance. This texture adds a natural and rustic charm to products made from jute fabric.

UV Resistance: Jute fabric offers good resistance to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It protects against harmful sun rays, making it suitable for outdoor applications.

Jute Fabric

Types of Jute Fabric

Jute fabric comes in various types, each with its characteristics and uses. Here are the different types of jute fabric:


Burlap is a coarse type of jute fabric with a plain weave and a rough texture. It is commonly used for packaging, sacks, and bags. Burlap’s strength and durability make it suitable for heavy-duty applications.

Hessian Cloth

Hessian cloth, also known as burlap, is a lighter form of jute fabric. It has a looser weave and a smoother texture compared to burlap. Hessian cloth is often used for bags, wall coverings, and decorative purposes.

Jute Twine

Jute twine is a type of jute fabric made by twisting jute fibers together. It is commonly used for tying, wrapping, and packaging due to its strength and natural appearance.

Jute Upholstery Fabric

Jute upholstery fabric is specifically designed for furniture upholstery. It is durable, has a coarse weave, and provides a textured and natural look to sofas, chairs, and other upholstered pieces.

Jute upholstery fabric can be used in its natural color or dyed to various shades.

Jute Fabric

Applications of Jute Fabric

Jute material is versatile and finds applications in various industries and products.

Here are some common jute fabric information

  • Bags and Sacks: Jute fabric is extensively used for making bags and sacks due to its strength, durability, and breathable nature. It is commonly used for shopping bags, tote bags, promotional bags, and packaging sacks.
  • Upholstery: Jute textile is used in upholstery for sofas, chairs, and other furniture. It provides a natural and textured look, adding warmth and character to the interiors. Jute upholstery fabric is known for its durability and resistance to wear and tear.
  • Carpets and Rugs: Jute fibers are woven into carpets and rugs, offering a natural and earthy aesthetic to floors. Jute carpets and rugs are known for their durability and can be used in residential and commercial settings. They provide a soft and comfortable feel underfoot.
  • Curtains and Window Treatments: jute textile is used to create curtains and window treatments, adding a touch of natural elegance to windows. Jute curtains provide privacy while allowing light to filter through. They are commonly used in rustic and eco-friendly interior designs.
  • jute fabric for clothing: Jute fabric for clothing is derived from the natural fibers of the jute plant, often blended with other fibers for comfort. It’s eco-friendly with a distinct coarse texture and is used in fashion for its rustic aesthetic.
Jute Fabric
  1. Erosion Control: Jute fabric is used in erosion control applications. It is commonly employed for slope stabilization, soil erosion prevention, and landscaping projects. Jute fabric acts as a protective layer, preventing soil erosion caused by wind and water.
  2. Home Decor: Jute fabric is widely used in home decor applications. It can be found in items such as table runners, placemats, cushion covers, throws, and wall coverings. Jute’s natural texture and earthy appearance add warmth and a rustic touch to interior spaces.
  3. Fashion and Accessories: jute textile is used in the fashion industry for clothing items like sweaters, cardigans, and ghillie suits. It provides a unique texture and natural look. Additionally, jute is used to create accessories such as hats, belts, and footwear.
  4. Crafts and DIY Projects: Jute fabric is popular among craft enthusiasts and DIYers. It is used for various crafts, including wreaths, gift wrapping, wall hangings, and jewelry. Jute’s natural appearance and versatility make it a favorite choice for creative projects.
Jute sofa Fabric

Cleaning of jute fabric

To clean jute textiles, follow these guidelines:

  1. Dry clean structured jute items or spot clean with mild soap and cool water.
  2. Vacuum jute rugs regularly and blot spills immediately without rubbing.
  3. Avoid excessive moisture and do not use shampoo or steam cleaners on jute rugs.
  4. Treat stains promptly, using appropriate stain removal methods.
  5. Air or line dry jute fabric away from direct sunlight.
  6. Iron-damp fabric on low heat from the wrong side to maintain its natural weave.

Always check the care label or manufacturer’s instructions for specific cleaning instructions.

Al Nassaj for upholstery fabrics

Since the launch of the Al Nassaj Group for trading and manufacturing upholstery fabrics at the beginning of the year (2000) until today, we have been committed to providing the finest goods manufactured by international quality standards, in addition to maintaining the satisfaction of our customers and partners spread across many Arab and Western countries.

Also, read:

Linen Fabric

Jacquard Fabric

Chenille Fabric


What is jute fabric?

Jute fabric, also known as burlap or hessian cloth, is a type of fabric made from fibers obtained from the jute plant. It is known for its durability, strength, and sustainability.

what is jute made of

Jute is made from the fibers of the jute plant, specifically from the stem and outer skin of the plant. These fibers are long, soft, and shiny and are spun into coarse, strong threads. The jute plant, primarily grown in warm, humid regions like Bangladesh and India, belongs to the genus Corchorus.

What are the properties of jute fabric?

Jute fabric possesses several characteristic properties such as high breathability, moisture-wicking abilities, medium heat retention, low stretchability, resistance to pilling, strength and durability, environmental friendliness, coarse texture, and UV resistance.

What are the different types of jute fabric?

Jute fabric comes in various types including Burlap, Hessian Cloth, Jute Twine, and Jute Upholstery Fabric, each with its own characteristics and uses.

What are the applications of jute fabric?

Jute fabric is versatile and finds applications in various industries and products such as bags and sacks, upholstery, carpets and rugs, curtains and window treatments, erosion control, and home decor.

What is jute cloth?

Jute cloth is a type of woven fabric made from the fibers of the jute plant, a long, soft, and shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. This natural fiber fabric is also known as burlap in the US and Canada.
Jute cloth has a rustic, coarse appearance and is biodegradable and eco-friendly. It is commonly used for making sacks, bags, rugs, and curtains, and is also popular in crafts and home decor.
Due to its biodegradable nature, jute cloth is often used in agricultural and gardening applications for erosion control or as mulch protection.

what is jute material

Jute material is a natural, biodegradable fiber derived from the stalk of the jute plant, commonly used in sacks, bags, ropes, and home decor due to its strength and rustic appearance. It’s predominantly grown in tropical regions like Bangladesh and India.

What is the woven fabric of jute?

Jute woven fabric, known as burlap in North America and hessian in Europe, is a durable, coarse material popular for bags, upholstery, and eco-friendly products. Its rustic appearance and biodegradability make it versatile for both practical and decorative uses.

what type of fiber is jute

Jute is a natural bast fiber, extracted from the bark of the jute plant’s stem, known for its strength and biodegradability, and commonly used for making strong, coarse fabrics.

is jute heat resistant?

Yes, Jute is relatively heat-resistant. It is commonly used in various applications, including carpet manufacturing, basketry, and textiles. Jute demonstrates good tolerance to heat, but it’s essential to consider that excessive heat exposure may affect its natural appearance.

what are the types of upholstery fabric?

There are various types of upholstery fabrics, including cotton, jute, linen, leather, velvet, microfiber, wool, polyester, and silk. The choice depends on factors like durability, style, and maintenance requirements for the specific application.

is jute the same as burlap?

Yes, jute and burlap are closely related, as burlap is a type of fabric made from the fibers of the jute plant. While they are often used interchangeably, jute refers to the plant and its fibers, while burlap specifically denotes the woven fabric made from those fibers.

what are uses of jute?

Jute is commonly used in consumer goods like bags and shoes, packaging materials, furniture, decor, agriculture, construction for insulation, textiles, clothing, artistic creations, and contributes to eco-friendly practices in various industries.

is jute fabric good for sofa?

Yes, jute fabric can be a good option for sofas. Jute is a natural fiber known for its durability and strength, making it suitable for upholstery. It also has a unique texture and appearance that can add character to sofas and other furniture pieces.

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