Chenille Fabric: Soft and Fluffy Upholstery Fabric

Chenille Fabric: Soft and Fluffy Upholstery Fabric

When talking about soft and luxurious yarns, we must mention Chenille. It is considered a durable and elegant fabric. The name “Chenille” comes from the French word caterpillar.

what is chenille fabric

Chenille fabric is a soft and fuzzy fabric with a piled texture. It is made through a specific manufacturing process that involves wrapping loose fibers around a core fiber and cutting them evenly to create a characteristic fuzzy texture.

The fabric derives its name from the French word for caterpillar, referring to the resemblance of its fuzzy piles to a caterpillar’s appearance.

what is chenille fabric like

Chenille fabric is known for its unique texture and luxurious feel. Here’s a breakdown of its characteristics:


  • Plush and Fuzzy: The defining feature of chenille is its raised pile, creating a soft, fuzzy surface that feels almost like velvet.
  • Textured Look: The pile can vary in length and density, offering a visually interesting texture that adds depth and dimension to furniture or garments.


  • Versatility: Chenille can be made from various materials like cotton, polyester, silk, or even a blend. The choice of material affects the fabric’s weight, breathability, and care requirements.
  • Durability: Generally, chenille is quite durable, especially when made from synthetic fibers like polyester. However, the raised pile can flatten over time with heavy use.

Look and Feel:

  • Warm and Inviting: Chenille’s plush texture creates a warm and inviting feel, making it ideal for furniture like sofas, armchairs, and ottomans.
  • Rich and Luxurious: Depending on the material and weave, chenille can exude a sense of luxury and sophistication.

Care Considerations:

  • Vacuuming: Regular vacuuming is essential to remove dust, dirt, and pet hair that can get trapped in the pile.
  • Spot Cleaning: For spills, immediate attention is recommended. Use a clean, damp cloth and appropriate cleaning solution based on the material.
  • Professional Cleaning: Deep cleaning by a professional might be necessary occasionally, especially for high-traffic furniture pieces.

Overall, chenille fabric offers a beautiful combination of comfort, style, and durability. However, its textured nature requires a bit more attention to maintenance compared to smoother fabrics.

How is Chenille fabric made?

The production of chenille fabrics has evolved over time. Initially developed in France in the 18th century, chenille material was made by cutting a cross-weave fabric into strips to create chenille yarn.

In the 1830s, Alexander Buchanan introduced a mass production method involving weaving woolen yarns into a blanket and then cutting them into strips, which were heat-treated to achieve a soft and fuzzy texture.

The modern method of manufacturing chenille material was developed in America in 1895, involving tightly winding a core yarn and wrapping short fabric lengths, known as piles, around it.

Chenille yarns are created by twisting short lengths of yarn between two core yarns, resulting in a soft and textured appearance. The most common material used for chenille fabric is cotton, although other fibers such as acrylic, rayon, and olefin can also be used.

chenile fabric is known for its versatility and is used for various purposes, including upholstery, rugs, quilts, bedspreads, clothing, cushions, and curtains.

Chenille Fabric

Chenille fabric properties

  1. Softness: Chenille fabric is renowned for its exceptional softness. The twisting and piling of yarns create a plush and velvety texture that feels luxurious to the touch.
  2. Fuzzy Texture: Chenille fabric’s fuzzy piles resemble the fur of a caterpillar, giving it a distinctive and textured appearance. The loops of yarn create a raised and tactile surface.
  3. Durability: Chenille fabric is known for its durability, making it suitable for various applications. It can withstand regular use and maintain its quality over time.
  4. Versatility: Chenille fabric is versatile and can be used in a wide range of products. It is employed in clothing, such as sweaters, scarves, dresses, and robes, as well as in home decor items like upholstery, curtains, rugs, blankets, and pillowcases.
  5. Warmth: Chenille fabric provides warmth without excessive heaviness. It is a cozy material that offers comfort during colder seasons.
  6. Drapability: Chenille fabric has good draping qualities, allowing it to hang elegantly and create beautiful folds. This property makes it suitable for clothing and decorative applications.
  7. Iridescent Appearance: Chenille fabric has an iridescent effect due to the cut yarns reflecting light. This property adds depth and visual interest to the fabric’s overall look.
  8. Absorbency: Chenille fabric has the ability to absorb moisture, making it suitable for items like towels, bathrobes, and blankets.
  9. Color Variety: Chenille fabric is available in a wide array of colors. Its versatility in color options allows for diverse design choices and applications.
Chenille fabric

Types of chenille fabric

Chenille fabric is a unique fabric known for its softness and textured appearance. There are several types of chenille fabric, including:

  1. Rayon Chenille: This type of chenille is made from rayon, a semi-synthetic fiber. It is commonly used for upholstery and has a luxurious look and feel.
  2. Cotton Chenille: Cotton chenille is made from cotton fibers, which makes it soft and cozy. It is often used for blankets, bedding, and bathrobes.
  3. Polyester Chenille: Polyester chenille is durable and easy to care for. It is often used for upholstery, curtains, and decorative pillows.
  4. Silk Chenille: Silk chenille is made from silk fibers, which gives it a shiny and luxurious appearance. It is commonly used for high-end upholstery and drapery.
  5. Chenille jacquard: Intricate patterned fabric created using a Jacquard loom. Ideal for upholstery, drapery, and décor. Adds luxury and elegance to any project.

Chenille fabric uses

Clothing: Chenille fabric is used to make a range of clothing items such as sweaters, cardigans, dresses, scarves, and robes. It’s softness and plush texture make it comfortable to wear.

Home Decor: Chenille fabric is popular for upholstery, curtains, pillowcases, and cushion covers. It adds a touch of elegance and coziness to furniture and enhances the aesthetic appeal of living spaces.

Blankets and Throws: Chenille fabric’s warmth and softness make it an excellent choice for blankets and throws. It provides comfort and coziness during colder seasons.

Rugs and Carpets: Chenille fabric is utilized in the production of rugs and carpets, adding a luxurious and plush feel to the floor coverings.

Quilting: Chenille fabric is used in quilting projects, both as fabric patches and synthetic yarns. It can create a velvety appearance and add texture to quilts.

Bedspreads: Chenille bedspreads gained popularity in the past and are still used today. They provide warmth and a decorative element to bedrooms.

Shawls and Wraps: Chenille fabric is employed in the creation of shawls and wraps, offering a combination of warmth and style.

Carnival and Theatrical Costumes: Chenille fabric’s vibrant colors and unique texture make it suitable for creating costumes for carnival events, theatrical productions, and fancy dress parties.

chenille fabric for clothing: Chenille fabric is a popular choice for clothing due to its softness and luxurious feel. It is often used for making cozy sweaters, cardigans, scarves, and other winter wear.

chenille fabric for sofas: Chenille fabric is commonly used for upholstery, including sofas and other furniture. It is highly durable and can withstand regular use without losing its softness. Chenille fabric for sofas often has a high pile, creating a velvety texture and adding a touch of elegance to the Interior Design.

Why is Chenille fabric a good choice for upholstery and décor?

Chenille fabric is highly regarded for upholstery and décor because of its soft and luxurious texture, adding elegance to any space. Its plush and velvety appearance makes it visually appealing and inviting.

Additionally, chenille material is available in various colors and patterns, allowing endless design possibilities to suit different styles and preferences.

In terms of practicality, chennile fabrics is a durable choice that can withstand regular use, making it suitable for furniture upholstery in high-traffic areas. It also offers good heat retention, relaxing and comfortable seating experience.

The fabric’s water absorbency is another advantage, making it resistant to water stains and spills.

Furthermore, chenille fabric has a natural luster that adds a subtle sheen to décor items, enhancing their overall aesthetic appeal.
It drapes beautifully, allowing for graceful folds and creases in curtains, drapes, and other window treatments. The fabric’s excellent drape quality contributes to an elegant and polished look.

Chenille fabric colors

chenille fabrics is produced in the advanced factories of Al-Nassaj Company with a wide variety of colors that suit all aspirations and opinions and matchmaking all uses of upholstery or curtains of all kinds.

  • Dark colors like: (black, red, and green Chenille).
  • Light colors like: (white, gray, silver, and cream Chenille).

And more modern luxury colors that impress everyone. 

Chenille fabrics

Al-Nassaj for upholstery fabrics

At Al-Nassaj, our factories located in China, are equipped with the latest machinery and technologies for manufacturing fabric furniture, upholstery, and curtains! Not only do we provide you with the highest quality fabrics, but also with the most affordable prices in the market! Contact us now to get the most affordable prices today!

Read also:

Upholstery Fabrics Buying Guide

Buying Upholstery fabrics from China

Buying Upholstery fabrics from Turkey


what is chenille fabric

Chenille is one of the luxurious fabrics, while the word “Chenille” means caterpillar in French.

Does Chenille Fabric Last?

Chenille is one of the most beautiful and stable fabrics, especially those made in the smart factories of Al-Nassaj Company. 

Is Chenille Better than Cotton?

This depends on the material of the Chenille, especially since most types of Chenille are made of natural cotton.

What is the Use of Chenille?

Chenille is one of the fabrics adored by many people, and they use it in:
Upholstery and furniture.
Carpets and rugs.
Blankets and throws.

Can You Wash Chenille?

Machine cleaning is not recommended. But if you want to do this, ensure the water temperature is low to medium, Then dry it on low heat.

what does chenille feel like?

Chenille is a type of fabric with a soft and luxurious texture. It feels smooth and velvety to the touch due to the raised yarns that cover the fabric’s surface. Chenille often has a plush and cozy feel, providing warmth and comfort.

how to chenille fabric?

To make chenille fabric:
Prepare the base fabric.
Mark parallel lines on the top layer.
Sew along the lines.
Cut the loops between the sewn lines.
Fluff and separate the loops.
Wash and dry the fabric.

is chenille soft?

Yes, chenille fabric is soft. It is known for its plush, velvety texture which gives it a luxurious and cozy feel.

what is chenille fabric like?

Chenille fabric is a type of fabric with a soft, fuzzy texture. It is characterized by its pile construction, which consists of short lengths of yarn that are twisted together, creating a plush and velvety surface. Chenille can be made from various materials, including cotton, polyester, and acrylic. It is often used for upholstery, blankets, and clothing due to its softness and durability.

what material is chenille

Chenille can be made from various materials, but it is commonly made from cotton, polyester, or acrylic. These materials are known for their softness and durability, making them suitable for creating the plush and fuzzy texture of chenille fabric. Other variations may use silk or rayon as well. The specific material used will depend on the desired qualities and applications of the fabric.

what is chenille fabric made of?

Chenille fabric is made of a core material, such as cotton or polyester, with short lengths of protruding fabric (cotton, rayon, or acrylic) wrapped around it, creating its soft and plush texture.

what is chenille used for?

Chenille is commonly used for upholstery, drapery, and home decor items such as pillows and throws. It is also used for making blankets, garments like sweaters and scarves, as well as craft projects like stuffed animals and rugs.

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